HCAMP's mission is to increase and share the body of knowledge of concussions. Every year research projects are studied and investigated and the information is used to help in the areas of prevention, treatment, and recovery of concussions. View some concussion-related publications and abstracts over the last few years.
Download and print concussion fact sheets for coaches, parents, educators and parents by clicking on the links below.
REAP, which stands for Remove/Reduce • Educate • Adjust/Accommodate • Pace, is a community-based model for Concussion Management that was developed in Colorado. The early origins of REAP stem from the dedication of one typical high school and its surround- ing community after the devastating loss of a freshman football player to "Second Impact Syndrome" in 2004. The author of REAP, Dr. Karen McAvoy, was the psychologist at the high school when the tragedy hit. As a School Psychologist, Dr. McAvoy quickly pulled together various team members at the school (Certified Athletic Trainer, School Nurse, Counselors, Teachers and Administrators) and team members outside the school (Students, Parents and Healthcare Professionals) to create a safety net for all students with concussion. Under Dr. McAvoy's direction from 2004 to 2009, the interdisciplinary team approach evolved from one school community to one entire school district. Funded by an education grant from MINDSOURCE Brain Injury Network in 2009, Dr. McAvoy sat down and wrote up the essential elements of good interdisciplinary team concussion management and named it REAP thereby creating a model for concussion management that can be utlilized by any community.
Gradual Return to Play Protocol
Symptom Wheel (pdf)
Benjamin J. Chun, MD, Troy Furutani, MS, ATC, Ross Oshiro, MS, ATC, LMT, Casey Young, MS,§ Gale Prentiss, MD, and Nathan Murata, PhD (2020). Concussion Epidemiology in Youth Sports: Sports Study of a Statewide High School Sports Program. Sports Health.
Kaori Tamura, PhD, ATC; Troy Furutani, MS, ATC; Ross Oshiro, MS, ATC, LMT; Yukiya Oba, PhD, ATC, CSCS; Ayaka Ling, MS, ATC; Nathan Murata, PhD (2020). Concussion Recovery Timeline of High School Athletes Using A Stepwise Return-to-Play Protocol: Age and Sex Effects. Journal of Athletic Training. In Press.
Murata, N.M., Oshiro, R., Furutani, T., Mashima, P., Thibault, E., Lew, H.L. (2019). Hawai'i Concussion Awareness & Management Program (HCAMP): Impact. Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health. In press.
Murata, N.M., Oshiro, R., Furutani, Tsushima, W.T. (2019). Maximizing Recovery From Concussions for Youth Participating in Sports and Recreational Activities American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. In press.
Tamura, K., * Kocher, M., Finer L., Murata, N.M. & Stickley, C. (2017). Reliability of clinically feasible dual-task tests: Expanded timed get up and go test as a motor task on young healthy individuals. Gait & Posture. In press.
Tsushima, W.T., Tsushima, V.G., * Murata, N.M. (2017). ImPACT normative data of ethnically diverse adolescent athletes. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. In press.
Tsushima, W.T., Ahn, H.J., Siu, A.M., Fukuyama, T, & Murata, N.M. (2017). Neuropsychological test performance of youth footballplayers in different positions: A comparison of high and low contact players Applied Neuropsychology: Child. In press.
Tsushima, W.T., Tsushima, V.G., Oshiro, R.S., & Murata, N.M. (2017). Role of native language in Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) of youth athletes. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 32, 450-455.
Tsushima, W.T., Siu, A.M., Yamashita, N., Oshiro, R.S., & Murata, N.M. (2016). Comparison of neuropsychological test scores of high school athletes in high and low contact sports: A replication study. Applied Neuropsychology: Child.
Tsushima, W.T., Tsushima, V.G., Oshiro, R.S., & Murata, N.M. (2016). Effects of age, sex, learning disability and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder on the neuropsychological test performances of high school athletes. Annals of Sports Medicine and Research, 3(2), 1062-1066.
Tsushima, W.T., Siu, A.M., Pearce, A.M., Zhang, G., & Oshiro, R.S. (2016). Two-year test-retest reliability of ImPACT in high school athletes. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 31(1), 105-111.
Tsushima, W.T., Geling, O., Arnold, M., & Oshiro, R. (2016). Are there subconcussive neuropsychological effects in youth sports? An exploratory study of high- and low- contact sports. Applied Neuropsychology: Child, 5, 149-155.
Tsushima, W.T., Geling, O., Arnold, M., & Oshiro, R. (2016). Effects of two concussions on the neuropsychological functioning and symptom reporting of high school athletes. Applied Neuropsychology: Child, 5(1), 9-13.
Tsushima, W.T. & Siu, A.M. (2014). Neuropsychological test performance of Hawai'i High school athletes: Updated Hawai'i Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing data. Hawai'i Journal of Medicine and Public Health, 73(7), 208-211.
Tsushima, W.T., Oshiro, R., & Tsushima, V.G. (2012). Short-term and long-term effects of a single concussion and age on the neuropsychological test performance of high school athletes. Advances in Medical Psychotherapy and Psychodiagnosis, 13, 51-59.
Tsushima, W.T., Shirakawa, N., & Geling, O. (2012). Neurocognitive functioning and symptom reporting of high school athletes following a single concussion. Applied Neuropsychology: Child, 1, 1-4.
Tsushima, W.T., Oshiro, R., & Zimbra, D. (2008). Neuropsychological test performance of Hawaii high school athletes: Hawaii ImPACT normative data. Hawaii Medical Journal, 67, 93-95.
Athletic Trainer's role in the Hawaii Concussion Awareness and Management Program - Alison Kuramoto Wolff
Beating the Heat: Prevention and Treatment of Heat Illness - Rachel Coel, MD, PhD
Concussion - Benjamin Chun, MD
Concussion: Beyond the Injury - Jennifer King DO, FAAP, CAQSM
Concussions can affect an individuals well-being in many ways. Watch videos of student-athletes and their family share their experiences and frustrations caused by a concussion.